Santa Fe Trail Scenic & Historic Byway
Corridor Management Plan

Section 3

Intrinsic Qualities

Table of Contents

INTRINSIC QUALITY ASSESSMENT

Scenic Qualities (Regional Significance)
Cultural Qualities (Regional Significance)
Historic Qualities (National Significance)
Archeological Qualities (National Significance)
Recreational Qualities (Regional Significance)
Natural Qualities (Regional Significance)

 

INTRINSIC QUALITY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY

Existing Intrinsic Quality Projects
Intrinsic Quality Projects In-Progress
Proposed Intrinsic Quality Projects

 

INTRINSIC QUALITY INTERPRETIVE PLAN

Existing Interpretive Projects
Interpretive Projects In-Progress
Proposed Interpretive Projects

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Intrinsic Quality Assessment

Traversing the 184-mile long Colorado Scenic and Historic Byway which follows the Santa Fe National Historic Trail exposes the traveler to all of the intrinsic qualities established as All-American Roadway designation criteria. Scenic vistas, cultural experiences, historic and archeological sites, recreational opportunities and natural resources can all be encountered along the Byway and its corridor. The significance of the Byway's intrinsic qualities were classified based on the Federal Highway Administration's definitions and criteria.

Significance of Intrinsic Qualities

 Intrinsic Quality

 Significance

 Scenic   Regional
 Cultural   Regional
 Historic   National
 Archeological National
 Recreational   Regional
 Natural   Regional

While each of the intrinsic qualities are present and have regional or national significance, the predominant intrinsic quality of the Byway is Historic. Detailed descriptions of selected sites with significant intrinsic qualities are provided as an appendix.

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Scenic Qualities (Regional Significance)

The Byway's scenic qualities range from the magnificent vistas of Raton Pass, to the verdant, irrigated croplands of the high plains. Because of its scenic qualities, the Santa Fe National Historic Trail roadway has been designated a Scenic and Historic Byway by the State of Colorado. The rural communities through which the Byway passes are scenic in their own right and contribute to the overall character of the eastern half of the trail corridor. Near its southern terminus, the Byway passes through the Corazon de Trinidad National Historic District. Period architecture and brick streets contribute to the Historic District's charm and scenic value.

The southern half of the corridor exposes the traveler to the quintessential scenic qualities of southeastern Colorado's high plains: panoramic vistas, expansive grasslands, and rolling hills of pinon pine and juniper. The Byway also affords views of Fisher's Peak and the Spanish Peaks which are both historic and inspirational. The traveler also experiences the beauty and solitude found on one of the nation's disappearing natural resources, undeveloped grasslands. Because much of the southern corridor is virtually undeveloped, the modern visitor can experience what traveling the Santa Fe Trail must have been like in the 1800s. Abundant bird life, dramatic vistas, and a sense of isolation provide the Byway with beauty, character and authenticity that are essential qualities.

Significant Scenic Qualities include:

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Cultural Qualities (Regional Significance)

During the years of its existence, the Santa Fe Trail was more than just an important commercial trade route across the southwest. From 1821 to 1846, the Trail was an international corridor between the United States and Mexico. Even after the United States acquired Mexico's northern provinces (1848), the Trail served as a conduit for exchange and interaction between Spanish, Native American and American cultures. The trail's multi-cultural history is reflected in the diverse inhabitants of the communities found along the Byway, and in the richness of the cultural events hosted by these communities.

Significant Cultural Qualities include:

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Historic Qualities (National Significance)

The Byway's predominant intrinsic qualities are historic. The Santa Fe Trail was designated a National Historic Trail in 1987. Numerous buildings, sites and objects of historical significance are found within the trail corridor. Five sites on the Byway have been designated a National Historic Site, Place or District. Five locations are Santa Fe National Historic Trail Sites (Note: At the request of the National Park Service, this term is used instead of and replaces, Certified Site of the Santa Fe National Historic Trail.) An additional 14 sites have been identified by the National Park Service as having high potential for Historic Site designation. Numerous other historic sites exist within the trail corridor. These sites are currently undiscovered or undeveloped. As these sites are located, mapped or developed, they should be incorporated into this Corridor Management Plan.

The Santa Fe Trail's history is not inaccessibly confined to the past, however. There are numerous opportunities for travelers to experience the rich and colorful history of the Trail and the trail corridor. Many sites are accessible to the public and can be explored at will. Museums, historic sites and other venues convey the history of the Trail through exhibits, interpretive displays and living history presentations. It is the historic significance of the Santa Fe Trail, and the present day vitality of the Trail and trail corridor, that allow the Byway to serve as a destination unto itself.

Significant Historic Qualities include:

 

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Archeological Qualities (National Significance)

Several significant archeological sites are found within and in proximity to the Santa Fe Trail corridor. These sites contain pictographs, petroglyphs, Native American teepee rings, fire circles, and other evidence of both prehistoric and settlement-era human activity. The numerous rock art sites document continuous habitation of the region for approximately 5,000 years. Significant archeological sites exist at Picket Wire Canyonlands, Picture Canyon, Comanche National Grassland, and Pinon Canyon. The Louden-Henritzie Archaeology Museum (Trinidad) features exhibits on the area's geology, fossils and archeology.

Significant Archeological Qualities include:

Several rock art sites bearing pictographs and petroglyphs;
Numerous archeological sites on Comanche National Grassland (A 1997 archeological survey documented more than 70 sites in the Timpas Creek area alone);
Vogel Canyon, a State Archeological District;
Native American teepee rings and fire circles; and
The Louden-Henritze Archeology Museum (Trinidad).

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Recreational Qualities (Regional Significance)

The Santa Fe Trail corridor provides numerous opportunities for both developed and undeveloped recreational activities. For this reason, sections of the corridor are destination locations or travel routes for aquatic recreation, wildlife viewing, hunting, and fishing. Vast tracts of public land support hiking, horseback riding, bicycling, camping, hunting and other recreational activities. Several warm-water lakes, State Parks and State Wildlife Areas serve as multiple-use recreation areas. Several picnic areas, trailheads, municipal parks and golf courses also serve this area.
Any service, activity or facility that brings visitors into the region benefits the Byway corridor. Regardless of the reason visitors enter the corridor, they are exposed to Santa Fe Trail signs, interpretive information and roadside attractions. This overlapping of services and benefits is especially evident in the relationship between the corridor's recreational and other qualities. Most major recreation sites, such as John Martin Reservoir and Trinidad Lake State Park, provide interpretive information on the Santa Fe Trail. John Martin Reservoir is a Santa Fe National Historic Trail Site. The reservoir has visible wagon ruts and a connector trail from the reservoir is being constructed to Boggsville, a major historic site. Trinidad Lake State Park provides valuable interpretive information to visitors. The Timpas picnic area, featuring a well-marked trail and Santa Fe Trail information, serves recreationists and historians alike. The interconnectedness of the corridor's intrinsic qualities must be recognized and used to advantage by the managers of these resources.

Significant Recreational Qualities include:

1. The Sierra Vista Overlook, featuring spectacular views of the grasslands, the distant Spanish Peaks and the SFT route; sandstone SFT markers; a bench; two information kiosks (one sheltered); and a hiking trail to the Timpas Picnic Area via the SFT.

2. The Timpas Picnic Area, featuring picnic facilities; three information boards; SFT markers; a loop trail; handicapped parking; accessible picnic tables; and parking for horse trailers, RVs and buses.

3. The Vogel Canyon Picnic Area, situated on a spur of the SFT, featuring sections of a stagecoach road; the ruins of a stage station; picnic facilities; horse trailer parking and hiking trails.

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Natural Qualities (Regional Significance)

Southeast Colorado is rich with a diversity of natural values. In this unique part of Colorado, prime agricultural land gives way to expanses of native grassland. The landscape changes dramatically as elevation increases in the vicinity of Raton Pass. Here the pinon pine/juniper ecosystem dominates. The natural splendor and unspoiled beauty of Raton Pass and the nearby Spanish Peaks, lure many visitors to the area.

In places, rivers have carved canyons and valleys, where striking geology and unusual rock formations can be found. Numerous warm-water lakes dot the landscape, providing critical wildlife habitat. Significant waterfowl populations live within and migrate through the Santa Fe Trail corridor. The area's rivers and lakes also support relatively lush vegetation. Even at a distance, one can discern the meandering paths of rivers by following the ribbon of trees nurtured by the waterway. (The ribbon of trees known as the Big Timbers played a prominent part in the history of the Santa Fe Trail). Wildlife is abundant throughout the region, supported by the extensive public land holdings managed by various agencies. Comanche National Grassland alone provides habitat for approximately 275 bird species, 60 mammal species, 40 reptile species, 11 fish species and 9 amphibian species.

The Santa Fe Trail corridor also provides a natural experience that is rapidly disappearing elsewhere: The opportunity to experience the peace and quiet of an undisturbed and relatively pristine landscape.

Significant Natural Qualities include:

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Intrinsic Quality Management Strategy

The Santa Fe Trail Scenic and Historic Byway extends for approximately 184 miles in Colorado. The width of the Byway corridor varies depending on the proximity of the Santa Fe Trail route and significant sites to the Byway. As a result of the Byway corridor's length and configuration, numerous government agencies, private sector organizations and private individuals are involved with managing the trail and its resources. A listing of federal and state agencies is presented below:

Numerous private organizations are countless individuals assist in the management of our trail resources including the following partners:

These, and others groups and individuals, have dedicated time, energy and resources to protecting, managing and interpreting the Santa Fe National Historic Trail, assuring that it will remain a significant national resource.

Because the trail corridor dissects a mosaic of public and private land, no single managing entity exists, and no overarching management plan is in effect. The intrinsic qualities of the corridor are protected under a variety of Federal, State and local regulations, policies and guidelines. These include, but are not limited to, the National Historic Trails Act, National Park Service Comprehensive Management and Use Plan guidelines, Federal and State Historic Preservation regulations and policies, wetlands protection regulations, Colorado Scenic and Historic Byway provisions, Colorado State Statutes, and local zoning and code regulations. A significant amount of the trail is protected and managed as private property.

Because no single agency, organization or individual has the jurisdictional authority or the resources to successfully protect and manage the national treasure that is the Byway corridor, multi-agency cooperation, inter-jurisdictional communication and viable partnerships between public and private sector entities are of critical importance. The single-most important management strategy to employ in achieving the goals of this Corridor Management Plan is cooperation between involved parties.

The overall goal of the management strategies presented here is to protect and enhance the corridor's intrinsic qualities, while meeting the provisions of pertinent regulations, policies and guidelines.

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Existing Intrinsic Quality Projects

The intrinsic qualities of the Byway corridor are described in the previous section, Intrinsic Quality Assessment. This section documents the intrinsic quality management projects and activities which have been completed in recent years or are scheduled for completion in 1997. In cases where a management activity benefits more than one intrinsic quality, the activity is listed only under the first relevant intrinsic quality. For example, attaining Colorado Scenic and Historic Byway designation benefits scenic and historic qualities, but is listed only under Scenic Qualities.

Scenic

Cultural

Historic

Archeological

Recreational

1. In conjunction with SECED, constructed 4.1 miles of hiking/biking trail at John Martin
Reservoir. This trail, which has interpretive signs and an accompanying brochure, is the
first leg of a proposed trail connecting the reservoir to Boggsville;
2. In conjunction with Ducks Unlimited, constructed a wildlife viewing blind and parking area
as part of a wetland enhancement project. Interpretive signs and a brochure were also
created by this project; and
3. Completed construction of a trailhead at the Lake Hasty swim area.

1. Constructed a Visitor Center and a lighted, handicapped accessible trail;
2. Acquired 220 acres in the Long's Canyon area and constructed a trail and watchable wildlife spot in the area; and
3. Acquired over 11,000 acre feet of additional water storage space, and in 1997, acquired 5,000 acre feet of additional water.

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Intrinsic Quality Projects In-Progress

The Santa Fe Trail Scenic and Historic Byway completed it's draft of the Byway Conservation Plan December 2016. Palmer Land Trust is compiling the final to made available online in 2017.

Cultural

Historic

Archeological

Recreational

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Proposed Intrinsic Quality Projects

Many of the management activities outlined as Existing and In-Progress Management Projects will remain a priority and continue into the future. The threat to the corridor's intrinsic qualities from planned or future activities appears to be relatively low at this time. This is likely to remain the case as long as urban expansion and development remains confined within existing, defined urban areas.

This section outlines additional management projects and activities which have been proposed by participants in the public process associated with this Plan's development to assure the long-term protection and enhancement of the Byway corridor's intrinsic qualities. Because recreation serves a broad constituency and brings money into local economies, implementing recreation projects and activities was a high priority overall along the trail corridor. Participants in the public process developed general guidelines and assigned priorities to management strategies and activities which are listed in the tables that follow.

General Guidelines

1. Meet the provisions of the NPS Santa Fe National Historic Trail Comprehensive Management
and Use Plan.

2. Develop selected historical/archeological sites while providing for the protection of sensitive resources.
3. Protect views and sightlines along the roadway while maintaining picturesque sites.
4. Provide a high level of maintenance for parks, historic sites, trail markers, etc. to promote visitation and generate public support.

The related intrinsic qualities are referenced in parentheses for each strategy.

Proposed Projects

Project  Priority
Certifications and designations - Pursue and maintain all certifications including National Historic Site/District/Place and Colorado Scenic and Historic Byway designations. (Scenic, Historic, Cultural)   High
Conduct baseline inventories - Complete evaluations of the current condition of scenic, historic, archeological, recreational and natural qualities ( See appendix). (Scenic, Historic, Archeological, Recreational and Natural)  High
Comprehensive planning - Planning should be done by all entities involved to protect the Byway's qualities and resources. (Scenic, Historic)  High
Develop additional trails - Suggested new trail sites include John Martin Reservoir to Boggsville, Boggsville to Bent's Old Fort, Trinidad to the summit of Raton Pass, and Trinidad to El Moro. (Recreational, Scenic, Historic)  High
Develop new recreational opportunities - Expand SFT tourism-related activities, including wagon rides between key sites, trail-side barbecues, etc. (Recreational)  High
Develop new parks - Add as necessary and appropriate (Recreational)  High
Expand the outdoor art program - These activities should be developed at the local level to reflect the culture, heritage and identity of individual communities. Activities may include sculptures and murals. (Cultural)  Medium-High
Increase the number of cultural events - Sample festivals include Cinco de Mayo, Los Pastores, Las Posadas, Indian trade markets, Settlers Days, and Santa Fe Trail Days, etc. (Cultural)  Medium-High
Acquire additional water rights - Water rights are needed to support existing water-based recreation, reduce seasonal water level fluctuations at recreation facilities and expand recreational opportunities. (Recreational)  Medium

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Intrinsic Quality Interpretive Plan

The abundance and diversity of scenic, cultural, historic, archeological, and natural qualities found along the Byway corridor make this a prime area for interpretation. Numerous resources are available which can be employed in the interpretation of the corridor's intrinsic qualities. These resources include wayside exhibits; radio messages; audio and video tapes; trail markers; information kiosks; brochures; the staffs of historic sites, museums, Welcome Centers, Chambers of Commerce, and recreation areas; and more. The National Park Service provides interpretive assistance upon request and administers a certification program for complimentary interpretive programs.

Interpretative services, both self-guided and guided, are currently provided at numerous locations along the corridor. Personnel are available at major sites to provide interpretive information. Several key sites, such as Comanche National Grassland, offer public tours. In addition to regular visitation and tours, several facilities in the corridor conduct special events which bring to life the Trail and its history. Information kiosks, interpretive boards, and printed materials are available throughout the corridor, supplementing the personal interpretation provided at key sites. Interactive videos are also found at several locations within the trail corridor.

Numerous government agencies and private sector organizations are involved with interpreting the Trail and the corridor's intrinsic qualities and resources as mentioned in the preceding Intrinsic Quality Management section. Because the responsibility for providing diverse interpretive services falls on so many groups and individuals, there is no single responsible entity, and no overarching interpretive plan exists. No single agency, organization or individual has the jurisdictional authority or the resources to provide the full compliment of interpretive service across the entire 184-mile (297 km) length of the Byway. The geographic and political regionalism that exists along the trail corridor can be used to advantage by those responsible for providing interpretive services. Each community or significant Trail site has the flexibility to adapt its interpretive activities to its particular resources and audience. This type of personalized service is of great value and benefit when trying to bring to life the history or significance of a particular site.

Interpretive services within the trail corridor are intended to enhance the visitor experience, generate public support, instill an appreciation for the Trail and the Trail corridor's intrinsic qualities, and protect these resources and qualities. The interpretive services provided in the Byway corridor are consistent with the general guidelines that have been adopted for management of the Byway's intrinsic qualities as delineated in the preceding part of this report, Intrinsic Quality Management Strategies.

Much of the background for the interpretive materials and services found along the Trail is presented in the National Park Service Santa Fe National Historic Trail Comprehensive Management and Use Plan. This document outlines interpretive topics, sub-themes and key points for the entire length of the Santa Fe Trail and for specific regions along the Trail. The interpretive region of the Trail covered by this Corridor Management Plan is the Mountain Route. The interpretive topics, sub-themes and key points presented in the following table are excerpted from the National Park Service Santa Fe National Historic Trail Comprehensive Management and Use Plan.

Interpretive Topics, Sub-themes and Key Points

Topic Sub-theme Key points
Pre-1821 The Trail as a bridge for international trade and commerce; Spanish trade blocking. Spanish, French, American and Native American roles.
Purpose of the Trail and how it differed from other trails The Trail as a significant link for trade and commerce.  Expansion and evolution of trade and commerce. The Trail as one segment of the American-European commerce system. 
Effect of the Trail  The Trail had far-reaching effects on the United States, northern Mexico, and Native Americans. Economy; politics; expansion; agriculture; manufacturing; knowledge; trade policy; disease; Chihuahua Trail; demise of the buffalo; conflicts; loss of Native lands; cultural, ethnic and gender demographics.
Natural elements Survival depends on successful interaction with natural forces. Biogeographic zones; sustenance; environmental change.
Military presence Conflict results from misunderstanding or differing goals.  The role of the Mexican and American military; transition zones between cultures; wars. 
Relationship to today  Human needs and desires do not change, only the means by which they are achieved. Relativity of time and distance; dangers; transportation; travel and trade routes; influence of cultures; Trail mythology.
Mountain Route Afforded safety and water but longer with more difficult terrain. Changes from plains to mountains; Bent's Old Fort; wars; advent of the railroad; Native Americans.

The National Park Service Santa Fe National Historic Trail Comprehensive Management and Use Plan provides a valuable framework and guide for the organizations and individuals involved with providing interpretive services within the Trail corridor. In addition, the Santa Fe Trail Scenic and Historic Byway Interpretive Plan, developed as part of this Corridor Management Plan by Interpretive Management Associates (IMP), identifies critical interpretive strategies and actions. The IMP Interpretive Plan serves as the foundation for many of the current and future interpretive services provided within the Byway corridor, and is included as an addendum to this document. The IMP Interpretive Plan designates interpretive activities Phase 7, Phase 2 or Phase 3. Phase 1 activities are scheduled for completion in 1997. Phase 2 activities have been approved for 1998. Phase 3 activities are scheduled for initiation after 1998.

This section of the Corridor Management Plan summarizes the IMP Interpretive Plan and, where necessary, supplements the Interpretive Plan with additional information.

Summary of Interpretive Sites

 Site with information kiosk/board Site with interpretive staff and information board
Kit Carson Chapel/ Ft Lyon  Bent's Old Fort
Amache Japanese Internment Camp  Bent County Chamber of Commerce
 Hadley rest area  Big Timbers Museum
 Holly rest area  Boggsville
 Iron Spring historic area  Comanche National Grassland
 John Martin Reservoir  John Martin Reservoir
 Lamar Welcome Center  Kit Carson Museum
 Picket Wire Canyonlands  Koshare Indian Museum
 Picture Canyon  La Junta Chamber of Commerce
 Pinon Canyon Maneuvers Site  Lamar Chamber of Commerce
 Raton Pass  Lamar Welcome Center
 Santa Fe Plaza  Louden-Henritzie Archeology Museum
 Sierra Vista Overlook  Otero Museum
 Timpas picnic area  Trinidad Chamber of Commerce
 Trinidad Lake State Park  Trinidad Lake State Park 
Bent County Courthouse Lamar Chamber of Commerce
 Mile Marker 15 at Model Big Timbers Museum

 Bent's New Fort

Colorado Welcome Centers in
  Trinidad  and Lamar
 El Moro Rest Area Trinidad History Museum
 Vogel picnic area JW Rawlings Museum
El Corazon de Trinidad Amache Museum in Granada
Purgatoire River in Trinidad AR Mitchell Museum


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Existing Interpretive Projects

Phase 1 interpretive activities are identified in the IMP Interpretive Plan and are referenced below by an asterisk (*). These, and additional interpretive activities completed in recent years or scheduled for completion in 1997, are summarized in the following table.

 Resource Description
 1. Brochures* Develop and print Las Animas County and SECED SFT brochures.
 2. Worldwide Web* Link with partners who have existing pages.
 3. Public Service Announcements* Production/airing in conjunction with KCRT.
 4. 60-Minute Byway audio CD* Interprets the natural and cultural history of the area.
 5. Low wattage radio message* Install and broadcast radio message at Colorado Welcome Center -Lamar, Pinon Canyon Maneuvers Site, John Building - Trinidad, Top of Raton Pass.
 6. Wayside exhibits* Install 1 at Colorado Welcome Center - Trinidad and install 3 at lnterstate-25, 1 mile north of New Mexico border.
7. Interactive videos Provide information on the Trail and Byway corridor through installation of videos at Lake Hasty, the Welcome Centers in Lamar and Trinidad, Bent's Old Fort, the Bent County Chamber of Commerce, and the SECED office in Lamar. The software for these videos is being updated.
 8. Interpretive signs Bent's Old Fort Chapter of the Santa Fe Trail Association has requested ISTEA funds for installation of six signs at Bent's New Fort, Old Fort Lyon, Nine Mile Bottom, the Granada-Fort Union Road, the Point of Rocks Indian Agency site, and the King's Ferry site.
 9. Materials and services Significant improvements have been made to interpretive materials and services at Sierra Vista Overlook, Timpas picnic area, and Iron Springs historic area. 
 10. Trails and visitor centers New interpretive trails with signs, and new visitor centers have been constructed at John Martin Reservoir and Trinidad Lake State Park. A watchable wildlife area was built at Trinidad Lake State Park. New interpretive brochures have been printed.
 11. Buildings Trinidad History Museum is undergoing a major remodeling and is working with the Colorado Historical Society on a Santa Fe Trail Museum building.

*The radio broadcasts and audio recordings were turned into a CD and various podcasts about historic sites on the Santa Fe Trail. They are avialable on our website and at the Trinidad Colorado Welcome Center for visitors and a traveling media center available to museums and staffed sites for visitors. The podcasts are available for download at http://santafetrailco.com/podcast.html

 

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Interpretive Projects In-Progress

Phase 2 activities identified in the IMP Interpretive Plan are also referenced below by an asterisk (*). These and additional in-progress interpretive activities, are presented in the following table.

 Site Description
 Holly rest stop Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Colorado Welcome Center: Lamar  Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 John Martin Reservoir  Install 1 wayside exhibit. Completed
 Boggsville  Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Connector Road Park Install  Install 1 wayside exhibit. Completed
 Bent's Old Fort NHS  Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Forest Service Office- relocated to Santa Fe Trail sites on Comanche  Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Santa Fe Railroad Plaza (La Junta)  Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Hole-In-The-Rock  Install 1 wayside exhibit.
 Thatcher  Install 2 wayside exhibits.
 Hoehne Turnoff (or Model) Mile marker 15  Install 2 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Exit 18(EIMoro)  Install audio message repeater and 5 wayside exhibits. Completed
 Trinidad Lake State Park  Install 1 wayside exhibit and 1 indoor, 3-dimensional interactive exhibit. Completed
 Corazon de Trinidad National Historic District Historic District  Markers will be placed throughout the Corazon de Trinidad that will accompany a tour guidebook. Completed
Trinidad Lake State Park  Interpretive panels will be installed at the Visitor Center. These panels, developed in conjunction with Trinidad/Las Animas County Economic Development, will be devoted to the history and cultures of Las Animas County, and include information on the Santa Fe Trail. Completed
 Bent's Old Fort  The FY 1999 budget proposal includes construction of a visitor center complex with exhibit areas, bookstore, theater, and administrative offices. Completed

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Proposed Interpretive Projects

While the majority of the corridor's existing and proposed interpretation relates to historic qualities and resources, there is great potential for increasing interpretation of other intrinsic qualities, particularly archeological and natural resources. This type of site-specific interpretation should occur within the framework of an interpretive services master plan. Such a plan identifies key themes for interpretation and establishes overall objectives and goals for interpretation. Multi-agency cooperation, inter-jurisdictional communication and viable partnerships between public and private sector entities are critical in developing and implementing such a plan. The foundation of an interpretive master plan can be found in the National Park Service Santa Fe National Historic Trail Comprehensive Management and Use Plan, and in the IMP Interpretive Plan.

A comprehensive interpretive master plan should be reviewed annually by all parties involved with interpretive services, and revised as needed. Wherever possible, interpretive services should be integrated among sites and organizations. In this manner, the effects of the interpretive services provided within the corridor can be synergistic and cumulative. Such cooperation between involved parties is critical in assuring that the long-term benefits of providing interpretive services are attained, and in achieving the goals of the Corridor Management Plan.

The following table outlines proposed interpretative management projects and their respective priorities. Priorities were assigned to these activities in the public process conducted in the development this Corridor Management Plan. Those projects that were adopted as Phase 3 activities in the IMP Interpretive Plan are indicated in the priority section below. Phase 3 projects are scheduled to commence after 1998.

Proposed Interpretive Projects

 Project  Priority
 Activity book - Print activity book for children and their families Completed
 Byway newspaper - Publish 8-10 page newspaper once or twice a year on going
 Wayside exhibit - Install at Connector Road park  complete
 Wayside exhibits - Install 2 at Kearny Encampment site  complete
 Day trips/exhibits/signs/brochure - Develop 10 day trips. Install 20 wayside exhibits, 30 highway Point of Interest signs and 20 logo posts. Print a brochure.  complete
 Volunteer Interpretive Training - Train volunteers who interact with the public at key locations within the Trail corridor. Include information on the Trail's history, location of sites and resources within the corridor, and non-historic intrinsic qualities outlined in this Corridor Management Plan.  

Bent's Old Fort

ongoing

 Living History Activities - Increase the number of activities conducted with authenticity and integrity. It should be noted that living history events are perhaps the most difficult interpretive activities to conduct. Requires extensive commitment from the responsible entities and participant training. Authentic clothing, tools and other resources are also required.  Bent's Old Fort ongoing
 Comprehensive School Curriculum - Distribute press kits, a reference list of printed materials, and a list of volunteers willing to speak to students about the Trail to teachers. Develop teacher in-service training to cover Trail-related topics. Consider conducting a FAM tour for teachers.  

Medium

 

 Library Programs - Conduct Trail-related activities in conjunction with local libraries. Examples are Trail-related book of the month, essay contests and poster displays.  Medium
 NPS Certification - Attain National Park Service certification, to the extent possible, for complimentary interpretive programs.  Medium
Santa Fe Trail Scenic Byway - Increase the membership, funding and resources. Benefits all resources and activities within the Trail corridor.

 High

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